Marble bench tops and marble sinks might be very attractive and elegant to look at. However, as mentioned earlier, travertine tiles have increased in prominence in recent times. People love the beautiful and luxurious finish offered by these tiles. In addition, travertine tiles are not as expensive as some of the other natural stones are.
The formation of travertine is a natural process. When groundwater travels through limestone, it dissolves the calcium carbonate present in the limestone. Over time, the mineral content saturates the water, causing it to separate from the deposits of calcium carbonate. On reaching the surface, thin layers of calcite or aragonite begin to form. These deposits eventually become travertine deposits.
Marble suppliers obtain their supplies from the quarries. Similarly, travertine slab manufacturers typically obtain travertine from the quarries. Experts usually examine the stone to assess the quality of the stone and its colour. Thereafter, they utilise one of the following methods for removing the raw material from the quarry.
- With Channelling Machines: Workers use these machines that have large chisels for cutting away sections of travertine from the surrounding stones. To achieve this, they tap into the natural joints present within the stone. This nullifies the possibility of any damage to the stone they are quarrying or leaving behind.
- With Wire Saws: These rely on strands of wires for cutting the materials from the rock. Powered by electricity or fuel, these wires wear out rapidly. Therefore, manufacturers need to have sufficient supplies of wires at hand.
- With Chain Saws: Similar to the traditional chain saws, these chain saws possess larger and stronger blades. Often equipped with diamond tips or carbide, these machines can slice through the stone very quickly.
- With Water-Jet Cutters: This method relies on using a high-pressure stream of water for cutting through the travertine.
On receiving the material from the quarry, the manufacturer will the travertine blocks into smaller slabs of a suitable thickness. Then, the manufacturer will cut the slabs again with precise cutting equipment into travertine tiles. Lastly, the workers will sand the tiles down to a consistent thickness. This serves to simplify the task of laying the tiles.