Civilisations as old as the Greeks and the Romans used marble extensively. Not only did they use marble for erecting all those magnificent architectural structures that we view with delight in modern times. They also used marble for making several works of art, such as sculptures. Even today, visitors to ancient cities like Rome continue to fall for the charms of the reminders of these ancient civilisations.
How Can You Distinguish Marble from Other Kinds of Stone?
Builders and developers use various multi-coloured stones in their buildings. These stones tend to look like marble, but are not. Therefore, understanding the differences in these stones is worthwhile. The stones that people commonly mistake for marble include:
Travertine: This is essentially a variant of limestone, which is also nothing other than calcium carbonate. Travertine is usually available in neutral tones. These include shades like white, off-white, beige or buff. Travertine offers more finish options than marble does. However, it also does not offer as many colour options as marble does. The Colosseum in Rome is the best example of a building constructed with travertine.
Granite: Although it looks like marble, granite is nothing other than an igneous rock. An igneous rock forms when molten rock cools and solidifies. Granite has a grainy or speckled look. In contrast, marble typically is veined and often has fine lines running through it. Granite is more durable than marble. This is because it can withstand scratches, acid damage and burns, unlike marble. The most common shades of granite include black, white and pink.
Marble: Unlike travertine, which is sedimentary, marble is metamorphic. Travertine occurs in freshwater areas, while marble is essentially a saltwater rock. It is denser than travertine and offers a larger variety in terms of colours. Marble also provides greater levels of durability as opposed to travertine. However, workers in quarries find it harder to process marble because it remains prone to breakage.